Word stress in English is not random (unlike Russian). Even though there are no strict rules on which syllables to stress, there are some general guidelines.
Most two-syllable nouns and adjectives have a stress on the first syllable. For example, table, police, lotion, happy, and charming.
Some words can be used as both a noun and a verb. In most cases, the noun has a stress on the first syllable, and the verb has a stress on the second syllable. For example, “I suspect the suspect.” and “He insulted her with an insult.”
Compound nouns (nouns made up of nouns) tend to have a stress on the first part. For example wastepaper, football, and bookshelf.
Compound words made up of an adjective and a noun tend to have a stress on the second element. For example loudspeaker, black-market, and cold-blooded.
Words with special endings/suffixes (-ain, -ee, -eer, -ese, -esque) usually have a stress on these last syllables. For example, remain, oversee, bioengineer, Siamese, and grotesque.
Words with these endings/suffixes (-ion, -ious, -eous, -ity, -ive, -graphy, -meter, -logy) tend to have a stress just before. For example application, contentious, simultaneous, impossibility, incentive, photography, thermometer, and archeology.